Glenn Cassidy, Senior Tax Consultant at Equiom Tax Services gives an update on the taxation of UK property including changes brought about at the start of the new tax year. Below is a summary of the main changes which non-UK residents holding UK property need to be aware of.
Prior to 6 April 2019, a non-resident individual, company or trust would only be subject to a UK Capital Gains Tax (CGT) charge in limited circumstances, most specifically where UK residential property disposals took place.
However, from 6 April 2019, UK tax is now chargeable on any gains realised by non-UK residents on disposals of all UK property (including commercial property and UK land). This tax charge also extends to ‘substantial interests’ held in ‘property rich’ companies (ie: ‘indirect disposals’).
For the above purposes, a ‘property rich’ entity is defined as deriving 75% or more of its gross asset value from UK land. Should a non-UK resident, and a ‘person’ with which they are ‘connected’, hold at least a 25% shareholding or more (ie: a ‘substantial interest’) in a ‘property rich’ entity in the two years prior to disposal, any gains realised on the disposal of those shares held will be subject to a UK tax charge.
Collective Investment Vehicles (CIVs)
Perhaps what is less well known is that gains realised on the disposal of shares held in ‘property rich’ CIVs will be subject to a UK tax charge. This includes UK CIVs such as UK Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). In the case of CIVs, there is no de minimis to be applied to the holding in the CIV. This means that investors will now need to know if their managed portfolios hold investments in ‘property rich’ CIVs and be cognisant of the UK tax and reporting requirements resulting from any disposals made.
Non-resident companies will now be subject to a UK Corporation Tax (CT) charge on any gains realised on the disposal of UK property held.
Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)-related CGT has now been abolished for disposals of ‘expensive’ UK residential properties held by non-resident companies.
The above means that non-resident companies will now be required to register for CT within 3 months of making a UK property disposal, with any gains realised being subject to a UK CT charge at a rate of 19% (reducing to 17% from 1 April 2020).
Gains realised on the disposal of UK residential properties by non-residents can continue to rebase the cost of the property held to its market value as at April 2015 for the purposes of calculating the ultimate gain realised on disposal.
Any gains realised on the disposal of property or investments held which will now be subject to a UK tax charge as a result of these most recent changes highlighted above, can rebase the value of the property/investment held to its market value as at April 2019 for the purpose of calculating the ultimate gain realised on disposal.
If you are concerned about any of the above changes and their impact on your property investments, contact Glenn Cassidy.
This article has been carefully prepared, but it has been written in general terms and should be seen as broad guidance only. The article cannot be relied upon to cover specific situations and you should not act, or refrain from acting, upon the information contained therein without obtaining specific professional advice. Please contact Equiom to discuss these matters in the context of your particular circumstance. Equiom Group, its partners, employees and agents do not accept or assume any liability or duty of care for any loss arising from any action taken or not taken by anyone in reliance on the information in this article or for any decision based on it.